Successful online teachers are very organized. 例如，建议
you post assignments months—if not a whole semester—in advance. 你的学生是
likely working and/or balancing other commitments, so they may need to work ahead.
Let them know what assignments are coming up well in advance and set reminders early
Successful online teaching requires a substantial time commitment, especially in the
initial development phase (instructional design, grading, 等.). 时间承诺
lessens once you gain experience and have courses set up the way you want them.
Timely feedback on assignments is crucial. Providing substantial feedback so students
can resubmit assignments that require the application of instructor feedback is critical
Build time buffers into assignments for students to submit late, and for you to grade
赋值. If your course has hard deadlines, the students must know the consequences.
Be sure to have it written explicitly in your syllabus/course materials.
Know who to go to for help/resources before you need them. 不要等到最后
Work with an instructional designer or LMS expert to know the full capabilities of
your course (screen sharing, assessments, embedded videos/decks, and multiple platforms
Instructional designers are here to help. They are a critical resource that can help
you design the learning environment that best fits your course. 向他们解释
you are doing in your class, and they can help you design 这门课 to facilitate
Talk to an instructional designer every year to learn about LMS updates or other new
instructional technologies so your course can stay up to date.
Know how to route student inquiries about technology 问题. 提供资源
Before the start of your course, double check that your links are functional and direct
All instructions must be crystal clear. The amount, quality, and timing of communication
都是关键. Because you don’t meet face-to-face or have the ability to extemporaneously
answer 问题, it is very important to communicate early 而且经常. 记得
be very thorough when explaining expectations and rubrics—this will save you time
from having to answer 问题 later in 这门课.
Understand student schedules and that they will be working on your courses at night,
在周末等. For example, provide 1 time you will check and respond to 问题
on the weekends so they always know when they can have their 问题 answered outside
You will want to have a policy about turnaround time for assignments, as a general
规则. This policy will again save you time from answering 问题 about when students
It is very important that you check your email every day, ideally more than once.
Respond as soon as possible, even if you just let the student know when to expect
Accommodate different learning styles + 1 method (video clips, lecture, case studies,
文本). Instructional designers can help you accomplish this.
Having a regular presence within 这门课—posting 问题, getting to know students
(get to know them assignment or forum), posting announcements, 等.
Be clear about when you are available for consultations: days of the week, time of
天,等. Similar to face-to-face class time, online availabilities should be consistent
so the instructor and students know the routine.
Be cognizant of how tone is conveyed online, as written communication can sometimes
It is recommended that you have reminders for everything. 创建提醒模式
使用一个可以更新的日历. This can save you a lot of time answering basic scheduling
You cannot just retrofit your face-to-face course into an online environment and expect
that it will produce the same learning outcomes. 向教过书的人咨询
the online course, if possible, or an instructional designer. 提供所有相关信息
resources: writing center information, technology center, support services, disability
To do online teaching well requires a lot of time and work. 几乎所有的指令
need explicit examples and supplemental materials to help students learn. 越清晰
the instructions, generally the fewer 问题 you will receive from students.
Educate your students about what it means to be an online student—how long assignments
should take, the number of hours to complete specific assignments for that course,
Facilitate peer-to-peer interactions/assignments (e.g. 项目、在线聊天/办公
小时，论坛发帖问题). Try to facilitate a learning environment where students
相互学习. Set up the discussion boards with deadlines to submit and a
second deadline for students to respond to others. Require student engagement peer-to-peer
Make assessments transparent—allow the student to see the exact criteria/rubric you
are using to assess their graded submissions. 确保反馈是一致的
分配的分数. To that end, make sure your feedback clearly explains what improvements
给 a lot of feedback on all assignments—this shows the student that you care about
他们的工作. Requiring them to incorporate your feedback ensures student engagement
有了材料. Revising and resubmitting assignments is a very useful way for
students to learn—avoid "one and done" or "submit and forget" assignments.
Know that many online students have a tendency to work on assignments and then not
参加几个星期的课程. It is recommended that you have smaller assignments
that require students to engage on a regular basis, and have those assignments build
更大的任务. This will prevent them from putting things off until the
During each course, take notes about what went well, what didn’t, and how you might
修改前进的路线. Keep this file to inform the next time you organize
这门课. Don't wait until the end when you are slammed with grading and wiped out.